Whale eye; lean away; pinned back ears; consider also a suddenly closed mouth.

Widely opened eyes, especially with eye white showing; furrowed brow; tightly closed mouth; slight paw lift;

slight cower; tail down.

Whale eye; slight lean away;

slight head cower.

Whale eye; lean away; closed mouth

Whale eye or averting eyes; bodily

indications of attempt to leave

Widely opened eyes; cower; lean away;

closed mouth

Whale eye, pinned, flattened ears; tucked tail; head pressing away;

closed mouth; brow furrow

(Belly exposure indicates appeasement, not request for rubs.)

Compare to belly exposure inviting interaction:

soft eyes; soft, open mouth; relaxed, open body

Legs braced; feet dug unto ground

Widely open eyes; dilated pupils; 

pinned back ears; raised/furrowed brows;

Significant hunch-over;

flattened ears; whale eye

Squinted eyes; brow furrrow;

ears flat & pinned back

Conflicted stance; ears flat & pinned back;

extreme tail tuck; hard stare; tightly closed mouth;

whisker bed protrusion; wrinkled muzzle

Ears pinned back; tightly closed mouth; head turned away; lengthened lip line;  

limbs close off body

Ears pinned back; nose/lip lick; furrowed brow & muzzle; limbs close off body; tail tuck

Paw lift; head turn away

Freeze, dilated pupils; widely open eyes; ears back; closed mouth;

gaze averted

Refuses food/treats; freeze;

whale eye; ears back; closed mouth

The above are just a few examples of distress signals; there are many others.

When interpreting them, context must always be considered.

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